Comparative Law refers to the study of differences and similarities between the laws of different nations in the world. Comparative law is used to compare legal systems, thus producing a relationship between the legal structures under comparison. The discipline also plays a very crucial role in understanding exotic legal systems. The study of comparative law can be associated with international cooperation; comparative law plays an important role in unification and harmonization of international law with the increasing intertwinement and complexities brought by globalization. While drafting legislations for fellow countrymen, law making bodies from different countries all over the world continue to incorporate foreign laws into their systems. The growing significance of comparing laws from different countries is evident in the specific fields of law as well as academic disciplines.
No Defined Methodology
In most cases, researchers will find themselves at crossroads when they embark on the journey of comparative law research. Reason being the lack of a defined methodology to stick to when conducting their research. The last few decades saw critics challenge the criteria for comparative law that existed in the last century; from the object of comparison to the possibility of comparison itself. On the contrary, taking specific parts of a foreign legal system and putting it into comparison with the same area of domestic law is mandatory in comparative law research. The burden of dealing with the subsequent paradoxical situation is left with the comparative researcher, making the comparative law one of the trickiest disciplines in the subject of law.
About Sujit Choudhry
Sujit Choudhry is the faculty director and founder of Centre for Constitutional Transitions, a support center that spawns and rallies information with the goal of building the constitution. It’s a first of its kind and it’s based at Berkeley. He served as a law clerk at the Supreme Court of Canada under Chief Justice Antonio Lamer. He has been a Rhodes Scholar and has three degrees in Law from Harvard, Toronto, and oxford.
Before he went to Berkeley Law, Sujit Choudhry was University of Toronto’s Faculty of Law Scholl Chair and a Cecelia Goetz law professor at New York University. He is a globally recognized comparative constitutional development and comparative constitutional law figure. His research in comparative law addresses a wide variety of challenges in the field, including the methodology. He plans to use his research as a means of uniting ethnically divided nations and help them embrace democratic politics.
Comparative Law- Sujit Choudhry
Sujit Choudhry- The Global Leader in Comparative Constitutional Law
Sujit Choudhry is the I. Michael Heyman Professor of Law at the University of California, Berkley. Sujit is also the founder and faculty director of the Center for Constitutional Transitions. His experience in building constitutions of different countries has earned him recognition as one of the leading authorities in the comparative constitutional law globally. He has helped in the process of developing constitution of countries such as Egypt, Sri Lanka, Tunisia, Ukraine, Libya, and Nepal among others. Sujit Choudhry holds a Bachelor of Arts in Law from the University of Oxford, Bachelor of Laws from University of Toronto and LL.M. from Harvard Law School.
Sujit Choudhry began his career in law as a law clerk at the Supreme Court of Canada in 1996. After that, he joined the University of Toronto as an assistant professor of law. He previously worked at the New York University School of Law as the Cecilia Goetz Professor of Law as well as the University of Toronto as the Scholl Chair at the Faculty of Law. His vast knowledge of the comparative constitutional law has earned him membership in the United Nations Median Roster, and a former consultant at the World Bank Institute. Sujit Choudhry founded the Center for Constitutional Transitions in 2012.
The Center for Constitutional Transitions
The Center for Constitutional Transitions is the first university-based center that started with the aim of providing knowledge on constitution building. The institution has collaborated with various multinationals, universities, and NGO’s in providing more information to the policy makers and practitioners. Currently, the Sujit Choudhry is leading a team of experts on three projects titled “Dealing with Territorial Cleavages in Constitutional Transitions,” “Security Sector Oversight: Protecting Democratic Consolidation from Authoritarian Backsliding and Partisan Abuse,” and the “Security Sector Reform and Constitutional Transitions in Emerging Democracies.” The team working on the three projects has planned to publish their research findings in 2017.
Sujit Choudhry Published Work
Sujit Choudhry is also an author of over ninety articles, reports, working papers, and book chapters. Some of his work includes “Constitution Making (Constitutional Law Series, 2,” “The Migration of Constitutional Ideas,” “The Oxford Handbook of the Indian Constitution,” and “Dilemmas of Solidarity: Rethinking Distribution in the Canadian Federation.” His other books include “Constitutional Design for Divided Societies: Integration or Accommodation,” and the “Migration of Constitutional Ideas.” Sujit Choudhry has served in the different editorial boards for the constitutions including the International Journal of Constitutional Law (ICON), the Constitutional Court Review of South Africa and the Cambridge Studies in Constitutional Law.